setof/3
setof(
+Template,
+*Generator,
*Set)
Returns the set Set of all instances of Template such that Generator is provable.
call/1
.
Set is a set of terms represented as a list of those terms, without
duplicates, in the standard order for terms (see ref-lte-cte).
If there are no instances of Template such that
Generator is satisfied, then setof/3
simply fails.
Obviously, the set to be enumerated should be finite, and should be enumerable by Prolog in finite time. It is possible for the provable instances to contain variables, but in this case Set will only provide an imperfect representation of what is in reality an infinite set.
If Generator is instantiated, but contains uninstantiated
variables that do not also appear in Template, then
setof/3
can succeed nondeterminately, generating alternative
values for Set corresponding to different instantiations of the
free variables of Generator. (It is to allow for such usage that
Set is constrained to be non-empty.)
If Generator is of the form A^B then all the variables in A are treated as being existentially quantified.
See findall/3
for examples that illustrate
the differences among findall/3
, setof/3
, and bagof/3
.
As for call/1
, and additionally:
resource_error
bagof/3
, ^/2
ref-all